Can we concatenate lists in Python?

Can we concatenate lists in Python? : Concatenating two lists in Python is possible by using the extend() method . The list is linearly extended by the function extend() by iterating over the parameter that was passed in and adding the item. List1 is updated as a result of adding all the elements from list2 , which also produces the output.
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Let’s examine various Python concatenation techniques for two lists. When we need to process a variety of lists of elements in a similar way, this operation is helpful.

By traversing the second list and continuously appending elements to the first list, this method allows us to ensure that the first list contains every element from both lists and can therefore perform the append operation.


print ("Concatenated list using naive method : " 

                              + str(test_list1))


Concatenated list using naive method : [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

 Method #2 : Using + operator

The most common method for performing list concatenation, using an operator makes it simple to add the entirety of one list behind the other list and complete the concatenation.

test_list3 = [1, 4, 5, 6, 5]

test_list4 = [3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

test_list3 = test_list3 + test_list4

print ("Concatenated list using + : "



Concatenated list using + : [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

Method #3 : Using list comprehension

List comprehension can also accomplish this task of list concatenation In this case, a new list is created, but this method is a one liner alternative to the loop method discussed above

test_list1 = [1, 4, 5, 6, 5]

test_list2 =[3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

res_list = [y for x in [test_list1, test_list2] for y in x]

print ("Concatenated list using list comprehension: "

                                     + str(res_list))


Concatenated list using list comprehension: [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

 Method #4 : Using extend()

extend() is the function extended by lists in Python and hence can be used to perform this task. Thisfunction performs the inplace extension of first list.

test_list3 = [1, 4, 5, 6, 5]

test_list4 = [3, 5, 7, 2, 5]


print ("Concatenated list using list.extend() : "

                               + str(test_list3))


Concatenated list using list.extend() : [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

 Method #5 : Using *operator

This method is a new addition to list concatenation that only works with Python 3. It uses the * operator. 6 . Any no. using this operator, a pair of lists can be joined and the result will be a new list.

test_list1 = [1, 4, 5, 6, 5]

test_list2 = [3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

res_list =[*test_list1, *test_list2]

print ("Concatenated list using * operator : " 

                              + str(res_list))


Concatenated list using * operator : [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

 Method #6 : Using itertools.chain()

itertools.chain() returns the iterable after chaining its arguments in one and hence does not require to store the concatenated list if only its initial iteration is required. This is useful when concatenated list has to be used just once.

import itertools

test_list1 = [1, 4, 5, 6, 5]

test_list2 = [3, 5, 7, 2, 5]

res_list = list(itertools.chain(test_list1, test_list2))

print ("Concatenated list using itertools.chain() : "

                                      + str(res_list))


Concatenated list using itertools.chain() : [1, 4, 5, 6, 5, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5]


Can we concatenate lists in Python?

How do you concatenate multiple lists in Python? : When there are numerous lists of elements that need to be processed in a similar way, this operation is helpful. Using the Naive Method is Method 1. Using the operator is technique two. List comprehension is the third approach. Techniques 4 and 5 both make use of the extend() and * operators. Using itertools is technique six. chain().
How do you concatenate 3 lists in Python? : You can concatenate multiple lists into one list by using the * operator. For Example, [*list1, *list2] – concatenates the items in list1 and list2 and creates a new resultant list object. What is this? Usecase: You can use this method when you want to concatenate multiple lists into a single list in one shot.
Can you concatenate lists and string in Python? : The string method join() enables you to combine a collection of strings into a single string. Call the join() method with [List of strings] as the argument from the string to insert. The [List of strings] is simply concatenated if you use the empty string ”, and a comma, creates a comma-delimited string.
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Table of Contents

Python is one of the most popular programming languages today, and in this tutorial, we will learn various ways to change a list to a string. Apart from this, we will also discuss nuances of Python, including what is a list in python, what is a string, and more. Let’s start.

What Is a List in Python?

A list in python is an ordered sequence that can hold a variety of object types, suchas, integer, character or float A list in python is equivalent to an array in other programming languages It is represented using square brackets, and a comma(,) is used to separate two objects present in the list

A list and an array in other programming languages differ in the way that an array only stores a similardata type, meaning that an array is homogeneous in nature, but a list in python can store different data types at a time, and therefore it can either be homogeneous or heterogeneous. Below are some examples of homogeneous and heterogeneous lists in python:

Homogenous Lists:

By using the item’s index in the list, a specific item from the list can be accessed. The list’s elements are indexed starting at zero. Take the list we made in the previous step as an example.

We pass the index of an element in the list to the print function in order to access that element.

As mentioned earlier, that indexing starts from 0, so when index [1] is passed, it gives the result as “dog”.  Similarly, if we pass the index, say [2], it will give the output 2.2

What Is a String in Python?

A string in python is an orderedsequence of characters The point to be noted here is that a list is an ordered sequence of object types and a string is an ordered sequence of characters This is the main difference between the two

A sequence is a data type composed of multiple elements of the same data type, such as integer, float, character, etc This means that a string is a subset of sequence data type, containing all elements as characters

Here is an example of string in python and how to print it

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For declaring a string, we assign a variable to the string.Here, a is a variable assigned to the string simplilearn. An element of a string can be accessed in the same way as we saw in the case of a list. The indexing of elements in a string also starts from 0.

How to Convert a List to String in Python

  • Using Join Function

One of the simplest Python functions for doing this is the join function. When using this function, it’s important to remember that the join function can only convert lists into strings if their elements are all strings.

Refer to the example below.

Since each element in the list is a separate string in this case, we can use the join function without any additional steps. The new string has a single space between each element, as you can see.

A list may now contain elements of a different data type than string in some circumstances. The join function cannot be used directly in this situation. The join function will then be used after the other data type has been converted to a string using the str() function in this situation. For better understanding, refer to the example provided below.

  • Traversal of a List Function

In this illustration, we first declare a list that needs to be changed into a string. The elements must then be initialized in an empty string. Following that, a for loop is used to iterate through each element of the list, and for each index, the element is added to the initialized string. The print() function will be used to print the string at the end of the program.

  • Using map() Function

The map function can be used in 2 cases to convert a listto a string. 

  •  if the list contains only numbers.
  • If the list is heterogenous
  •  The map() function will accept 2 arguments;

  • str() function; that will convert the given data type into the string data type.
  • An iterable sequence; each and every element in the sequence will be called by str() function. The string values will be returned through an iterator.
  • All of the values returned by the str() function are combined at the end using the join() function.

    • List Comprehension

    List comprehension in python generates a list of elements from an existing list It then employs thefor loop to traverse the iterable objects in an element-wise pattern

    Use Python List Comprehension and the join() function to convert a list to a string. The join() method concatenates the list’s elements to create a new string and returns it as output while the list comprehension iterates through the elements one at a time.

    Below is a sample list to string conversion using list comprehension.

    • Iterating Through the List

    In this method, Assign a list and traverse each element and add each into an empty string using for loop

    The code in python is as given below

    instr= [‘Hello’, ‘How’,’are’, ‘you’, ‘doing?’]

    emptystr = “”

    # passing in a string 

    for i in instr:

    emptystr += i +”


    The output will be –  Hello How are you doing?

    • Using function that traverse each element of the list and keep adding new element for every index in empty string using for loop

    # listToString is a function

    def listToString(instr):

    # initialize empty string


    # string traversal using forloop

    for ele in instr: 

    emptystr += ele

    instr = [‘Hello’, ‘How’, ‘are’, ‘you’, ‘doing?’]


    The output will be – Hello How are you doing?

    The article explains two of the data types List,and String in Python language and some ways of converting List to String in Python programming language All methods have code that has readability and functions that are used often to convert List into String It is important to understandeach of the functions and its use, the syntax used and the developer should have hands-on experience with the expected effect on output using these functions In all these methods iteration is used to move from one element to the next element in a list and then add each of the elements and convert them as a single string

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    In case you wish to master the A to Z of Python, enroll in our Python Certification Training today! And in case you have any questions regarding the tutorial, drop acomment below and our experts will help you out


    Additional Question — Can we concatenate lists in Python?

    How do I combine multiple lists into one list?

    Join / Merge two lists in python using + operator In python, we can use the + operator to merge the contents of two lists into a new list For example, We can use + operator to merge two lists i e It returned a new concatenated lists, which contains the contents of both list_1 and list_2

    How do you concatenate list elements?

    A newlist that is empty is created by newlist = [in order to concatenate a list of integers. Each element of the list is added until the end by the extend method(). A list of integers is used to combine them. To obtain the output, use print(newlist).

    How do you join a list to a string in Python?

    Using the join() method to convert a list to a string is the most pythonic method. This precise purpose is facilitated by the join() method. It accepts iterables, joins them, and then returns the result as a string. However, string data types should be used for the iterable’s values.

    How do you append a string to a list in Python?

    When a string is inserted into a list, it is added to the list as a single element and is added at the end. a list. The list’s end will receive it via append().

    Can we concatenate string and integer in Python?

    Python supports string concatenation using + operator In most of the programming languages, if we concatenate a string with an integer or any other primitive data types, the language takes care of converting them to string and then concatenate it

    How do you concatenate strings and variables in Python?

    Use the + operator
    print (“String 1:”,str1)
    print (“String 2:”,str2)
    print(“Concatenated two different strings:”,str)

    How do I join a list into a string?

    Use the join() function and Python List Comprehension to convert a list to a string. The join() method will concatenate the list’s elements into a new string and output it after the list comprehension has gone through each element one at a time.

    How do you concatenate an array in Python?

    An array sequence can be concatenated along an existing axis using the concatenate() function. numpy’s syntax The arrays must all have the same shape, with the exception of the dimension corresponding to axis, which must have a value of 0. concatenate((arr1, arr2)), axis=0, out=None)Parameters:arr1, arr2, : [sequence of array_like]

    How do you concatenate columns in Python?

    In a Pandas DataFrame, concatenating two or more text/string columns is as simple as using the operator.

    How do you concatenate data in Python?

    Concatenating Objects Set ignore_index to True if the combined object must adhere to its own indexing. As you can see, the keys are also replaced and the index completely changes. The new columns will be appended if two more objects must be added along axis=1.

    How do you concatenate a series in Python?

    concat() method you can combine/merge two or more series into a DataFrame (create DataFrame from multiple series) In addition, Series is an option. append() and pandas utilizing pandas. concat() to Combine Two Series Using pandas, combine two series. merge() Use a DataFrame to Combine Two Series. use join() with Series.

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