Is VS Code good for Python? : The Microsoft Python extension makes it easy , enjoyable, and productive to work with Python in Visual Studio Code . With the extension, VS Code is transformed into a first-rate Python editor that operates with a wide range of Python interpreters on any operating system.
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Since I’ve been using Python for work, my appreciation for the language has grown significantly. Both in business and academia, it has carved out a place for itself. Additionally, a 2018 developer survey by StackOverflow ranked it as the most desired programming language.
Since PyCharm has a well-known user interface and offers a wide range of features for Python development, it makes sense that the majority of people at my place of employment prefer to use it as their primary IDE. I do not, however. Here’s why I like to use Visual Studio Code as my main editor.
On the other hand, PyCharm is a full-featured IDE developed by JetBrains specifically for Python development. It’s written in Java and Python, and provides many features for Python development out-of-the-box. There’s a catch: only the community edition is free, and the professional edition costs around $200 per year.
Intelligent code completion Full text search, including support for regexes Syntax highlighting and bracket matching Git integration Code formatting and autopep8 support Code linting using pylint Debugging and code inspection tools User defined code snippets
But let’s talk about how both of them differ and what should persuade you to pick one over the other. Let the smackdown begin!
On my computer, PyCharm uses about 1 GB of memory even when it is not in use, while VS Code almost always uses less than 300 megabytes. Only when I open several projects with numerous files does Visual Studio Code use a lot of memory.
VS Code easily defeats PyCharm in the performance metrics. The memory footprint, startup time, and general responsiveness of VS Code are much better than PyCharm because it doesn’t try to be a full IDE and keeps things simple as a text-editor.
All of the IDEs in the JetBrains family, including PyCharm, offer extensibility through plugins. Nearly 3000 extensions for PyCharm are currently listed on the JetBrains website.
On the other hand, VS Code is intended to be a minimal editor that can be expanded into a full-featured IDE using extensions. One extension is all that is required to provide full Python support, including syntax highlighting, debugging, and code completion. Nearly everything in VS Code has an extension, and it is very easy for developers to create their own. These extensions are all available in the VS Code Marketplace. By extension, VS Code becomes much more extensible than PyCharm.
Winner: VS Code
Ease of use
Advanced code refactoring tools are just one of the many features that PyCharm has, and if you haven’t used it before, it can be a little difficult to figure out where to find the configuration options.
It’s much simpler to understand how to configure VS Code. All you need to do is type Ctrl Shift P to bring up a command palette where you can look up anything you want to do and have it appear in the search results.
Winner: VS Code
VS Code, on the other hand, is FOSS (Free and Open-Source Software). It should be obvious. A price of zero dollars is impossible to beat.
Winner: VS Code
The excellent tool PyCharm has many features that can facilitate Python development. However, almost all of the features I use are available in VS Code, and the only significant feature that is missing is remote debugging, which is also being developed in VS Code.
That meansVS Code gives you almost all of the features in PyCharm at much better performance and (of course) price than PyCharm. PyCharm has its uses in the industry, but I’ll stick to VS Code for my Python work.
Honorable Mention: Things PyCharm Does Better
It’s only fair to mention that there are things which PyCharm does better. These things include: Remote debugging: Available only in the professional edition, remote debugging lets developers use tools in the IDE torun and debug code executing on a remote machine over SSH or some other protocol. Most of my work in Python has been on Open edX platform, which requires either VirtualBox or Docker environments. PyCharm already supports debugging inside both. Searching: PyCharm contains advanced text search and replace features that aren’t available in VS Code. One of these features is called “Search Everywhere”, which searches filenames as well as content in the entire project.Django support: PyCharm Professional Edition offers special support for Django projects, including code completion and resolution in views.py and urls.py files, code inspection tools for Django ORM, and the ability to debug django templates. Consistent user experience: All of the JetBrains IDEs have a similar UI, keyboard shortcuts, and menus. That makes it easier for developers already using a JetBrains IDE to switch to PyCharm. VS Code follows thetraditional editing metaphor but each developer has to setup his/her own configuration for the editor and find and install the plugins which are most suited to their workflow. Vim emulation: If you’re a fan of Vim style keybindings like I am, then you’ll be happy to know that PyCharm and the JetBrains family of IDEs offer extensive Vim emulation through the use of the IdeaVim plugin. It also supports its own ideavim.rc file. VS Code has options to enable Vim-like editing butthe plugin drops the performance significantly and it also does not support vimrc files.
If these features are important to you, PyCharm might still be a better choice for you than VS Code, our smackdown winner.
Muhammad Osama Arshad
web developer and programmer. posts blogs at alazierplace. com. likes to read, play video games, and do nothing.
Is VS Code better than PyCharm? : PyCharm is the tool to use for Python if you want something sophisticated, targeted, and well-configured. VS Code, on the other hand, is preferable if you want something portable and customizable. Depending on how you choose to use them, these two tools are excellent and can be used for a variety of tasks.
How do I run Python code in VS Code? : There are three additional ways to execute Python code in VS Code: right-click anywhere in the editor window and choose Run Python File in Terminal (which saves the file automatically); select one or more lines, then press Shift Enter; or right-click and choose Run Selection/Line in Python Terminal.
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Work with Python in Visual Studio on Windows
- 7 minutes to read
In this article
Python is a well-known programming language that is trustworthy, adaptable, simple to learn, free to use on all operating systems, and supported by both a strong developer community and many free libraries. Python supports all types of development, including scripting, scientific computing, desktop apps, web services, and web applications. Python is a popular programming language used by academic institutions, scientists, and amateur and professional developers alike. Python has a wealth of information available online. For Beginners: org and Python
Visual Studio is a powerful Python IDE on Windows. Visual Studio provides open-source support for the Python language through the Python Development and DataScience workloads (Visual Studio 2017 and later) and the free Python Tools for Visual Studio extension (Visual Studio 2015 and earlier).
Python is not currently supported on Macs by Visual Studio. But Visual Studio Code makes it accessible on Mac and Linux. (See the questions and responses.)
To get started:
Follow the installation instructions to set up the Python workload.
Familiarize yourself with the Python capabilities of Visual Studio through the sections in this article.
Go through one or more of the Quickstarts to create a project. If you’re unsure, start withQuickstart: Open and run Python code in a folder or Create a web app with Flask.
Follow the Work with Python in Visual Studio tutorial for a full end-to-end experience.
Support for multiple interpreters
Visual Studio’s Python Environments window (shown below in a wide, expanded view) gives you a singleplace to manage all of your global Python environments, conda environments, and virtual environments. Visual Studio automatically detects installations of Python in standard locations, and allows you to configure custom installations. With each environment, you can easily manage packages, open an interactive window for that environment, and access environment folders.
Use theOpen interactive window command to run Python interactively within the context of Visual Studio. Use the Open in PowerShell command to open a separate command window in the folder of the selected environment. From that command window you can run any python script.
For more information:
- Manage Python environments
- Python Environments reference
Rich editing, IntelliSense, andcode comprehension
Visual Studio provides a first-class Python editor, including syntax coloring, autocomplete across all your code and libraries, code formatting, signature help, refactoring, linting, and type hints. Visual Studio also provides unique features like class view, Go to Definition, Find All References, and code snippets. Direct integration with theInteractive window helps you quickly develop Python code that’s already saved in a file.
- Docs: Edit Python code
- Docs: Format code
- Docs:Refactor code
- Docs: Use a linter
- General Visual Studio feature docs:Features of the code editor
For every Python environment known to Visual Studio, you can easily open the same interactive (REPL) environment for a Python interpreter directly within Visual Studio, rather than using a separate command prompt. You can easily switch betweenenvironments as well. (To open a separate command prompt, select your desired environment in the Python Environments window, then select the Open in PowerShell command as explained earlier under Support for multiple interpreters.)
Visual Studio also provides tight integration between the Pythoncode editor and the Interactive window. The Ctrl+Enter keyboard shortcut conveniently sends the current line of code (or code block) in the editor to the Interactive window, then moves to the next line (or block). Ctrl+Enter lets you easily step through code without having to run the debugger. You can also send selected code to the Interactive window with the same keystroke, andeasily paste code from the Interactive window into the editor. Together, these capabilities allow you to work out details for a segment of code in the Interactive window and easily save the results in a file in the editor.
Visual Studio also supports IPython/Jupyter in the REPL, including inline plots, NET, and Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)
For more information:
- Interactive window
- IPython in Visual Studio
Project system, and project and item templates
Visual Studio 2019 supports opening a folder containing Python code and running that code without creating Visual Studio project and solution files For more information, see Quickstart: Open and run Python code in a folder There are, however, benefits to using a project file, as explained in this section
Without creating Visual Studio project and solution files, Visual Studio 2022 supports opening a folder containing Python code and running that code. See Quickstart: Open and run Python code in a Folder for more details. However, there are advantages to using a project file, which are described in this section.
Project and item templates automate the process of setting up different types of projects and files, saving you valuable time and relieving you from managing intricate and error-pronedetails Visual Studio provides templates for web, Azure, data science, console, and other types of projects, along with templates for files like Python classes, unit tests, Azure web configuration, HTML, and even Django apps
For more information:
- Docs:Manage Python projects
- Docs: Item templates reference
- Docs:Python project templates
- Docs: Work with C++ and Python
- General Visual Studio feature docs:Project and item templates
- General Visual Studio feature docs: Solutions and projects in Visual Studio
One of Visual Studio’s strengths is its powerful debugger. For Python in particular, Visual Studio includes Python/C++ mixed-mode debugging, remote debugging on Linux, debugging within the Interactive window, and debugging Python unit tests.
- Docs: Debug Python
- Docs: Python/C++ mixed-mode debugging
- Docs:Remote debugging on Linux
- General Visual Studio feature docs: Feature tour of the Visual Studio Debugger
Profiling investigates how time is being used within your application. The ability to compare performance between various profiling runs is included in Visual Studio’s support for profiling with CPython-based interpreters.
For more information:
- Docs:Python profiling tools
- General Visual Studio feature docs: Profiling Feature Tour. (Not all Visual Studio profiling features are available for Python).
Discover,run, and manage tests in Visual Studio Test Explorer, and easily debug unit tests.
For more information:
- Docs:Unit testing tools for Python
- General Visual Studio feature docs: Unit test your code.
Azure SDK for Python
Utilizing Azure services from Windows, macOS X, and Linux apps is made simpler by the Azure libraries for Python. As well as connecting to Azure services, you can use them to create and manage Azure resources.
For more information, see Azure SDK for Python and Azure libraries for Python .
Questions and answers
Q. Is Python support available with Visual Studio for Mac?
A. No, but you can support the request on Developer Community right now. The current development paradigms that Visual Studio for Mac does support are listed in the documentation. In the interim, Python works well with Visual Studio Code on Windows, Mac, and Linux thanks to the extensions that are readily available.
Q. What can I use to build UI with Python?
A. The Qt Project, which has the official binding known as PySide (also see PySide downloads) and PyQt for Python, is the main provider in this field. There are no dedicated tools for UI development in the Python support in Visual Studio.
Q. Can a Python project produce a stand-alone executable?
A. Python is generally an interpreted language, with which code is run on demand in a suitable Python-capable environment such as Visual Studio and web servers. Visual Studio itself doesn’t now provide the means to create a stand-alone executable, which essentially means a program with an embedded Python interpreter. However, thePython community supplied different means to create executables as described on StackOverflow. CPython also supports being embedded within a native application, as described on the blog post, UsingCPython’s embeddable zip file.
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[/lightweight-accordion]How do I run a Python extension? :
Additional Question — Is VS Code good for Python?
How much faster is C++ than Python?
C is between 10 and 100 times faster than Python, depending on the complexity of the calculations. Additionally, Python-based applications frequently consume more RAM than C-based ones. Though many programmers agree that Python’s straightforward syntax makes it a much faster language for development.
Is Vscode an IDE?
In contrast, Visual Studio Code can be classed as an integrated development environment (IDE), meaning that developers can write and test code at the same time In theory, you can pair Sublime Text with a console but that’s another thing to physically deal with while Visual Studio Code provides a cohesive solution
How do I run a Python extension in Chrome?
Try using Jupyter-notebook https://jupyter if you want to run Python code from your browser. Chrome extension for Python Shell (https://chrome. google. com/webstore/detail/python-shell/gdiimmpmdoofmahingpgabiikimjgcia?hl=en). It might be simpler to use if you can achieve your goal using the aforementioned options.
How do I run a Python file in Chrome?
launch google chrome using python
url = ‘https://meet.google.com/rhj-yyzz-com’
webbrowser. BackgroundBrowser(“C://Program Files (x86)//Google//Chrome//Application//chrome.exe”))
webbrowser. get(‘chrome’). open(url)
Does Chrome use Python extensions?
How do I read a .PY file?
File Viewer Plus is a program that opens PY files. The Python software foundation. Windows Visual Studio Code. Microsoft Notepad integrated into OS. Notepad with Sublime Text JetBrains PyCharm. different text editors
Where do I write Python code?
Python code files can be created with any plain text editor If you are new to Python programming, you can try Sublime Text, which is a powerful and easy-to-use editor, but you can use any editor you like
Where do I write Python code in Windows?
Writing Your First Python ProgramClick on File and then New Finder Window Click on Documents Click on File and then New Folder Call the folder PythonPrograms Click on Applications and then TextEdit Click on TextEdit on the menu bar and select Preferences Select Plain Text
How do I run a Python script?
The most basic and easy way to run a Python script is by using the python command You need to open a command line and type the word python followed by the path to your script file, like this: python first_script py Hello World! Then you hit the ENTER button from the keyboard and that’s it
How do I edit a file in Python?
pyt) is a simple text file that can be edited in any text editor or Python IDE. To edit a Python toolbox, right-click the toolbox and click Edit. When you finish your edits, your Python toolbox will be automatically refreshed when the editor is closed.
How do I install Python?
3 at the time this article was being written. Get the Python Installer binaries in step 1. Open your web browser and navigate to the official Python website. 2. Start the Executable Installer. Run the Python installer after you’ve downloaded it. 3. Include Python in the environmental variables. Check the Python installation in Step 4.